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Fire Fountain Eruption, Pu'u O'o, Hawaii

Target Name:  Earth's Volcanos
Produced by:  P. Mouginis-Mark, LPI

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Scientists studied fire fountains from the phase 34 eruption (August 1984) of Pu'u O'o in Hawaii to investigate the dispersal and cooling of ejected materials. In this view, the incandescent part of the plume is approximately 200 meters (660 feet) high. Large clasts from this fire fountain retained their heat to such an extent that they coalesced on the ground to form a lava flow that moved away from the vent (at right in this view). Pu'u O'o is located about 15 kilometers (9.3 miles) down rift from the summit of Kilauea Caldera, on the East Rift Zone.

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